1. Aqueduct: An Artificial, man-made, channel of water.
2. Instigate: To start, bring about, initiate
3. Crusades: Known as the “holy war” where European Christians tried to take control of the “Holy Land,” Jerusalem, from the Muslim Turks.
4. Renaissance: Known as the “rebirth of learning” where Europeans became reinterested in the arts, science, math, etc.
5. Silk Road: Trade route between the Mediterranean Sea and China. It was made popular by Marco Polo.
6. Age of Exploration: 1400-1700, where European countries explored the globe for water routes to Asia. Their goals: God, gold, and glory.
7. Caravel: A ship designed by the Portuguese that was light and fast. It had triangular sails making it ideal for travel across the oceans and into shallow water.
8. Navigation: The science of locating your position and your course of a ship.
9. Monarch: A supreme ruler in a monarchy, a queen or king. They come to power often by birthright.
10. Mercantilism: Economic theory that trade generates wealth and self-sufficiency for the country